“Caesarea Philippi”

Mark 8:27-38

September 13, 2015

The Rev. Todd R. Goddard, pastor

East Rochester & West Walworth: Zion United Methodist Churches


Mark 8:27-38


Jesus went on with his disciples to the villages of Caesarea Philippi; and on the way he asked his disciples, “Who do people say that I am?” And they answered him, “John the Baptist; and others, Elijah; and still others, one of the prophets.” He asked them, “But who do you say that I am?” Peter answered him, “You are the Messiah.” And he sternly ordered them not to tell anyone about him.


Then he began to teach them that the Son of Man must undergo great suffering, and be rejected by the elders, the chief priests, and the scribes, and be killed, and after three days rise again. He said all this quite openly. And Peter took him aside and began to rebuke him. But turning and looking at his disciples, he rebuked Peter and said, “Get behind me, Satan! For you are setting your mind not on divine things but on human things.”


He called the crowd with his disciples, and said to them, “If any want to become my followers, let them deny themselves and take up their cross and follow me. For those who want to save their life will lose it, and those who lose their life for my sake, and for the sake of the gospel, will save it. For what will it profit them to gain the whole world and forfeit their life? Indeed, what can they give in return for their life? Those who are ashamed of me and of my words in this adulterous and sinful generation, of them the Son of Man will also be ashamed when he comes in the glory of his Father with the holy angels.”




Gospel means “Good News.”

Our Gospel for today,

Our Good News for today,

Is a passage that should be quite familiar

To many of us life members of this Christianity club.

Having delivered no less than ten unique sermons

On today’s Good News

I’m with many of you;

Listening intently for what new God is saying.

If you are not a lifelong Christian,

Well, hold on to your saddle,

Because today’s Good News is about to give

Your spiritual journey

Quite an exciting ride.


Last Sunday we followed Jesus

Through a stir with a forthright woman in the city of Tyre;

A Gentile, non-Jewish, Mediterranean coastal city north and west

Of Jesus’ rural home in all Jewish Galilee.

Today, Jesus travel inland from the Mediterranean coast and northward

To Caesarea Philippi,

Which is located in today’s Golan Heights,

On the border between Syria and Israel.


Geography and local history are important here.


First, Caesarea Philippi is the northern most extension of Israel

When it was in its greatest period of expansion and prosperity

Under the rule of King David.

Though it was ruled by Jews in one thousand BC,

No Jewish culture stuck,

And at the time of Jesus,

Caesarea Philippi was only populated by Romans and Greeks.


Secondly, Speaking of Romans and Greeks,

This village was named after …

… Caesar, the Roman Emperor,

And, Philip II, the son of Herod the Great,

Who earlier named it Paneas,

In honor of the 3rd century BC Greek cult who worshiped Pan,

A goat-footed god of victory in battle.

The Greek temple can be seen today,

Carved in the side of the mountain.

Pagan worship to Pan was actively taking place

By Gentiles

In this location

At the time of Jesus.


Thirdly, located at the base of Mt. Hermon,

The Jordan River starts its journey south

From a spring that gushes forth from the rock,

Right out of this pagan, mountain side Greek temple.

That’s right.

The source of the Jordan River,

The water that baptized Jesus,

Springs forth from a pagan temple in Caesarea Philippi.


There is no place in the Holy Lands

That is more diametrically opposed to Yahweh,

Our God of creation, covenant and law,

The God of our Jewish ancestors,

The religion of Jesus and most of his disciples,

Than is Caesarea Philippi.  

Jesus walked into a pagan temple

Takes center stage,

Lifts his voice

And publically, loudly asked his own disciples

“Who do people say that I am?”

- Mark 8:27


Akin to today?

This isn’t simply like saying,

“One day Jesus walked into a bar.”

This is like saying,

“One day Jesus walked into a wiccan of witches.”

He takes his disciples with him.

Jesus asked them publically to identify himself,

within earshot of everyone present.”

“Who do people say that I am?”

- Mark 8:27


Think to yourself:

What is the most non-Christian setting

I can imagine

or have recently visited?

Where is the voice of the Church,

Not only silent,

But unwelcome?


In your mind’s eye,

Put yourself there.

Place yourself in the center of opposition

And make a public declaration

That Jesus is Lord!

That Jesus is the God I serve!


Be prepared to flee like your hair is on fire!


Our Good News for today asks the serious disciple of Jesus

If we are prepared to

Make a public declaration of our faith

In those places where Jesus is most opposed.

Is that where you work?

Where you stop and socialize after work?

Is that with colleagues or collaborators,

Supervisors or staff?

Is that with a neighbor who lives next door?

Or a bully on the bus?

Be they an atheist member of the PTA,

A devilish member of the community who thrives on tearing down and destroying all that is good,

Or an ISIS fundamentalist with a knife in their hand,

Are you and I prepared? to

Make a public declaration that

We serve the Lord and only follow Jesus!


Even amongst his faithful,

There was a bunch of mumbling, looking down, and kicking dirt.

Well, you could be John the Baptist.

Or maybe Elijah?

Heck, I don’t know.

Maybe you’re one of the prophets?


But it’s Peter!

Peter is the only one with the incredible courage

To stand up and speak out!

“You are the Messiah!”

- Mark 8:29


Son of God,

Only the first use since the opening chapter and verse of Mark;

Messiah is the correct answer!

Jesus has publically outed himself as the Son of God

Right in the midst

Of what could have been the Devil personified

At the start of 40 days with Jesus in the wilderness.


So why in the world does Jesus use this occasion

Of his public identification

As an opportunity to speak,

On the first of many occasions,

About his forthcoming

Suffering, rejection, death, and resurrection?

It would appear

That Jesus is grasping defeat

Before his victory.

The argument could be made

That Jesus is throwing in the towel

Even before he begins to get started.

It’s like Jesus looks at the pagans

- first stunned into silence

- now growing in rage

Who encircle Jesus and his disciples,

Like wolves going in for the kill,

And tells them

“You win. I give up. Just take me away.”

You and I, like Peter, respond with

“What the heck?”

WTF? (I probably will not say this from the pulpit)


Christ’s rebuke is hardly surprising

When one considers

The fact that

Jesus’ suffering, rejection, death, and resurrection

Is part and parcel of his identity,

Equal to the fact that Jesus is the

Son of God.


Without suffering,

There would be no Son,

No Bethlehem’s baby.

Without allowing Christ to die,

There would be no point to his immaculate conception.

Without the resurrection,

There would be no reason for God to send us his son to save the world.


It is a bit easier for us,

Looking through the lens of hindsight,

To better see this reality of Jesus

Than did his own followers.

Time and again,

They get it wrong.

It is only after the resurrection,

When the Holy Spirit fills the Church,

Do they gain understanding

About Christ’s more complete identity:

Who Jesus is.

Why Jesus came.

What is different now that Jesus had come.


God’s greater plan,

Using Jesus as his principle interdiction into humankind,

For the purpose of a much larger kingdom

Surprised the first century Church,

And has been stunning generations of Christ followers ever since.

How does this revelation of Christ’s greater identity

Impact us today?


Suffering is a shared experience.

It is never alone.

For even when alone,

One is with God.

Even when alone,

One can associate personal suffering

With the suffering of our Lord at his crucifixion.

To suffer as a Christian

Is to allow yourself to crawl upon on the cross

And suffer with Jesus.

Suffering is not to be sought;

But neither is it to be shunned,

For it opens new avenues

And can deepen the relationship

Between ourselves and our God.


Death is a shared experience.

We may not like to consider our mortality.

Yet, we all die.

It is the final earthly act that unites us one with another.

It is the final act that unites us with Jesus.

As in baptism do we put on Christ,

So, too, in death, we join with Christ.

We take his hand

And step beyond

Into God’s heavenly kingdom.


Resurrection, likewise, is a shared experience;

For all those who believe in him

Shall have eternal life.

As Christ ascended to the right hand of his Father,

So, too, are we lifted up.

Jesus welcomes each of us

And says,

“My daughter,”

“My son,”

“your faith has made you well.”

We are more than healed of our earthly disease,

Our mortality is healed,

Such that we will know death no more.

All these mortal things will be passed away.


In the final act of today’s Good News,

… which, in my opinion, has been really GREAT News thus far,

Is Jesus challenging those who follow:

““If any want to become my followers, let them deny themselves and take up their cross and follow me. For those who want to save their life will lose it, and those who lose their life for my sake, and for the sake of the gospel, will save it.”

- Mark 8:34-35


In the center of this pagan temple,

Filled with pagan worshippers,

Jesus is saying,

“Make yourself a hangman’s noose.”

“Give your noose to these people we’ve just offended,

Or, for that matter,

To any who you have offend,

Because you do so

When you publically witness to the fact

That you are my disciple.”


The cross was the public form of Roman capital punishment.

Today, it might be a hangman’s noose,

Or an IV bag and a collection of toxic chemicals.


The point Jesus makes

Is twofold:

Speak up,

Witness to the world that you follow Jesus,

And get yourself hung up on a cross.

Others will kill your body,

But they won’t be able to kill your soul.

Your soul will be eternal.


The only way to save your mortal life,

Not be put to death by the political authorities,

Is to remain quiet about following Jesus.

The risk of not sharing the Gospel,

The risk of not witnessing to the world

about our relationship with Jesus Christ,

is that we will lose our life,

our eternal life;

that our final disposition

will be in the cemetery across the street or Whitehaven down the road.


The risk of not sharing Jesus Christ with the world

Is that the church of today

Will close.

We’ll all die off

And the property will be sold.


Speak up! Jesus is proclaiming.

To be my disciple

Means that you’re willing to risk all things mortal

For all things eternal.

Witness to Christ,

Share the Good News,

And you’re making an investment

Not only in your eternal life

But also in the next generation of the Church

And every generation, thereafter.


Be strong!

Take courage, people of faith!

There is much opposition in today’s world.

When confronted by those who would oppose our faith,

Make your witness public and loud.


God as our Lord

And Jesus Christ as our Savior.

Be prepared for the consequences.

But know this:

Others may kill the body,

But only we can surrender our soul.

Live for Christ.

Witness for Christ.

And let God take care of the eternal.